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International Journal of Nephrology Research

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

Epidemiological and prognostic profile of anuria in neonatology at the Donka national hospital, Chu de Conakry (Guinea)

Author(s):

Bangoura S, Diallo AY, Kaba F, Camara MLT, Barry KMB, Diakite F, Cherif I, Traore A, Camara M, Tolno A, Bangoura MA, Kaba Ml And Bah AO

Abstract:

Aim: Was to determine the prevalence and prognosis of anuria in neonates.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study covering a 6-month period, from November 15, 2017 to May 14, 2018; we carried out an exhaustive recruitment of all newborns admitted or hospitalized in the department and included those aged 0 to 28 days who presented with anuria for 24 h or with a diuresis of less than 1ml/kg/h during 24 h. 
Results: during the six (6) months, we recorded 21 cases of anuria out of a total of 1123 newborns, i.e. 2%; newborns born from D0 to D7 were the most numerous, i.e. 80.95%; we noted a predominance male, i.e. 52.38% with a sex ratio of 1.1; Birth weights under 2500 g were the most common, 57.14%; vomiting and hyperthermia were the main associated signs, respectively 61.90%; 52.38%. The most common etiology was severe dehydration (61.90%). Treatment was rehydration and antibiotics in 100% of cases. The mortality rate was 14.29%.
Conclusion: anuria in newborns is most often responsible for acute functional renal failure, requiring emergency management with rehydration and etiological treatment to reduce mortality.

Pages: 10-13  |  91 Views  43 Downloads


International Journal of Nephrology Research
How to cite this article:
Bangoura S, Diallo AY, Kaba F, Camara MLT, Barry KMB, Diakite F, Cherif I, Traore A, Camara M, Tolno A, Bangoura MA, Kaba Ml And Bah AO. Epidemiological and prognostic profile of anuria in neonatology at the Donka national hospital, Chu de Conakry (Guinea). Int. J. Nephrol. Res. 2024;6(1):10-13. DOI: 10.33545/26646692.2024.v6.i1a.9